Republic of Peru - Resorts
Lima, the capital of Peru, is where about one third of the country's population resides. It is the economic and political center of the country. Its historical buildings, palaces, churches, large houses with balconies, as well as parks, stand out in the heart of the city. The more touristy neighborhoods like Miraflores and San Isidro accommodate the upper-middle class of the city and offer a variety of restaurants, nightlife, and entertainment. The city is distinguished by the many museums it possesses, some of which are the most important in the country.
On the outskirts of Lima are the main beaches of Peru which you can get to by highway. These beaches are visited mostly during the summer.
Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca
No doubt that one of the biggest enigmas of archaeology are the lines and geoglyphs located in the deserts of San José and on some slopes of the River Grande valley, 20 minutes away from the village of Nasca. These designs, attributed to the Nasca culture, cover a surface of more than a thousand square kilometers, and they were possibly created between the years 200 and 500 B.C. The reason why they were created and the meanings of the gigantic figures and lines remain a mystery to scientists, though some theories say that they could have had some kind of utilitarian or ritual purpose.
This city is located on the banks of the Amazon River, between the outlets of the rivers Nanay and Itaya. It is the capital city of the Loreto Department, the largest department of Peru - and the biggest city of the Peruvian Amazon. The only ways to get there are through air and river transportation. It is a picturesque city that still has remains of a rich and splendorous past, a product of the latex exploitation that took place more than a century ago.
This citadel, on the top of the mountain Machu Picchu, is believed to have been built by the Incas in the second half of the 15th century, for reasons still not clearly established. It is the biggest tourist attraction of the country, and one of the most important architecture jewels of the world. The city is divided into an agricultural and an urban area. The first area is highlighted by an outstanding network of trails and artificial terraces, and the second boasts temples, monuments and funerary chambers.
Known as the ‘Historical Capital of Peru', or ‘Archeological Capital of South America', Cusco or Qosco means, in Quechua, ‘the navel of the universe,' because it was the capital of the Inca empire and the starting point of the road network linking the four suyus (regions) of the empire. As the home of the Incan gods, Cusco is undoubtedly one of the most fascinating cities of the Peruvian sierra. Its unique architecture encompasses a brilliant past, which, in spite of the Spanish influence, still maintains its Andean style. Nowadays, Cusco lives mainly off of agriculture and tourism, being the seventh most populated city of Peru.
The city of Puno, the main lake port of Peru, is located 3, 827 meters (12,629ft) above sea level on the western shore of the mythical Lake Titicaca. It's the cultura.
l center of the plateau that forms other geographic regions from the coast, namely the sierra and the forest.
The principal tourist attraction of Puno is Lake Titicaca, located on the Collao plateau. It is the highest navegable lake in the world at 193 kilometers (120miles) long and 64 kilometers (40 miles) wide, with a maximum depth of 300 meters (990ft). Its waters offer a large number of species of fish. It has a very large and harsh surrounding landscape with the magnificent snow-covered valleys of the Royal Mountain range, creating a mysterious atmosphere. It is said that the Uros, whose village is home to the grand fortress that was located on the artificial islands, are descendants of the most ancient race in the world.
Some distinguished monuments worth exploring are the Cathedral, the Balcony of the Earl of Lemos, the Dutch Arch, the Municipal Gallery, the Dryer Museum and the Popular Art Museum. Only 30 kilometers (19 miles) from Puno, the capital of the area, you can find the Chullpas de Sillustani, which were ancient tombs for the hatuncollas chiefs (very large men), and ruins of other cultures that inhabited the area.
The calendar of festivities in the region of Puno varies and can be surprising, but tourists can take part in these unforgettable experiences with the local population. The greatest of these events of Andean folklore is the party for the Virgin Saint of Candelaria.